Limited Editions Club: Through the Looking Glass by Lewis Carroll (1935)

Through the Looking Glass by Lewis Carroll (1935)
LEC #65/6th Series V. 6 in 1935
Artwork: Illustrations by John Tenniel re-engraved by Frederic Warde
Introduced by Carl Van Doren
LEC #278 of 1500. Heritage Press reissued.

Click images to see larger views.

Front Binding – Well. This is something I never thought I’d be publishing on the blog as a part of my personal collection! From the Macy period, there’s many a book that command high prices in order to procure — most infamous is the Henri Matisse Ulysses (especially if you examine one of the James Joyce signature copies!), Pablo Picasso’s Lysistrata, and Robert Frost’s poems (which he signed) — but among those lie the two editions of Lewis Carroll’s popular and surreal “Alice” novels. Both Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland (issued in the 3rd series in 1932) and our featured book provided the members an option to have the “original Alice” herself, Alice Hargreaves (Liddell), sign the colophon. While my copy of Through the Looking Glass ended up being unsigned (which was not entirely unsurprising given the price I paid for it), it did come with the best kind of ephemera — the letter from the Club asking if you wanted to have Hargreaves sign the book:

Considering the quadrupling of the price of what I paid for an unsigned copy ($400 before discounts) for one with Alice’s signature I’ve seen on average, a $2 fee seems like a pittance! Sadly I did not get the mentioned letter from Alice’s son Captain C.L. Hargreaves.

Macy did write out the process of acquiring Hargreaves’ participation in this project in the Quarto:

Lewis Carroll, best known for these novels in the world of literature, ended his LEC career here, but given the prestige that surround these editions now, one might say they are among the finest reprints of his work ever done. The Heritage Press did reprints of these as well, both for the regular membership and the Illustrated Bookshelf series.

John Tenniel would also end his two book run here with this edition, following Alice. The unfortunate thing is that Tenniel had long since passed away by the time Macy got this project up and running, never seeing how incredibly well his original illustrations came out within these pages. During his lifetime, printers routinely botched the printing of them, which must have been disheartening. Frederic Warde, the designer of both books, took it upon himself to entirely re-engrave all of Tenniel’s iconic drawings in metal, rendering his delightful and imaginative art with a newfound clarity and sharpness missing in earlier reproductions.

Design Notes – As noted, Warde was the designer of this book following his success from Alice. From the Quarto:

 

Spine

Slipcase – In a curious twist of fate, this book was nestled inside Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland‘s slipcase! Sadly, that item was not available, so I’ll likely be stuck with this slipcase for TtLG.

Title Page – Seeing Tenniel’s illustrations in their originally intended vibrancy is a gift all in itself. Unobserved here is the introduction by Carl Van Doren, a fairly frequent guest to the LEC and judge of the Macy-associated Readers Club.

Colophon – This is #278 of 1500, and as you can see, this was not signed by Hargreaves. I don’t know if the member declined or lost out in the lottery…

Examples of Tenniel’s illustrations (right click and open in new tab for full size):

Personal Notes – Two months ago I was looking at Powells.com for some good LEC deals as I had just gotten a 30% off coupon in my email, and alongside wishlist items like the two Sylvain Sauvage-illustrated Anatole France LECs and another of the first series (Two Medieval Tales) sat Through the Looking Glass at a far more reasonable price than I’ve ever seen before. It was still expensive, mind, but within the realms of me affording it without breaking the bank — and that was before the discount! Imagine my elation when I added it to my cart and saw over $100 vanish! Haha. While it’s not signed by either Hargreaves or Warde, I’m okay with that. The letter and illustrations kinda makes up for it! Definitely a favorite now that I have it.

Heritage Press – The Song of Songs Which is Solomon’s (1935)

The Song of Songs Which is Solomon’s (1935)
Sandglass Number 1KX
Artwork: Illustrated and Illuminated by Valenti Angelo
Heritage Press exclusive. One of the original six titles issued by the Heritage Press; standard and special editions documented here.

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Front Binding – Hello again, friends, we’re back after a bit of a break with a look into one of the original six Heritage Press books, The Song of Songs Which is Solomon’s. This was the 2nd book in the 1st series from the newfound Press, and much like Manon Lescaut it was issued as a deluxe signature edition in a limited 1500 copy release. This time, I have the good fortune to be able to show you both editions from 1935 courtesy of Devotee K. Ronnevik, who was kind enough to take photos of the deluxe edition for me. Both editions use the same binding design, but we’ll break them down in more detail momentarily. The Limited Editions Club never printed an edition of this, although those familiar with my post on the “Booklover’s Tour of the World” concept will recognize that George Macy had the intention to print a LEC edition through that series. The plans were scrapped, but at the very least we do have an edition of it through the Heritage Press, and it’s a lovely book to boot!

If you saw my post on the Heritage exclusive printing of Salome, this book mirrors the design of that release (or, perhaps, one could say Salome borrowed it from Songs since it came out first!). It is a gorgeously printed book with yellow pages with a plethora of Valenti Angelo’s delightful linework serving as a frame to the lines from the Songs boxed in with illuminated decorated letters leading off each section. Let’s look at the announcement booklet’s comments on this edition:

The deluxe edition does indeed come in a nice leather, as I have come across it before in my travels but didn’t think it was the actual deluxe edition due to not finding Angelo’s signature in a similar place like Brissaud’s in Manon. I’ll explain that momentarily, but yes, I am still kicking myself about it. The standard issue strips out the leather for a black cloth.

Angelo has his bibliography in our Salome post. He’s popped up a bit lately, but for now I’m officially out of books featuring him again.

Design Notes – Angelo handled the designer duties along with providing the artwork. The font, Lutetia, is a Jan van Krimpen original, and was at the time a modern choice for such an ancient text. It was printed at 18 point for the black ink to really pop with the art surrounding the text box. The Sandglass gets into the illumination process in some detail — for my purposes I will say that the initial set of books took Angelo about a year to do the gold inlays, and since he performed the task for each book, each will differ ever so slightly from the rest. You’ll get to see that below as we compare editions.

Spine and Slipcase (regular edition)

Title Page – The top image is the deluxe edition, while the latter is my regular edition. As you can see, the pages of the deluxe edition are more transparent, due to a Japanese rag paper used for the 1500 that initially came out. Mine is a thin paper as well, but a thicker density than the Japanese rag, for certain. This book lacks any formal introduction, preferring to have Angelo’s talents provide the backdrop for the text.

Colophon – The standard edition has the colophon on the righthand page of the last set of lines from Songs; the deluxe instead inserts another page in between with no text block that serves as the signature page (as you can see Angelo’s signature below). It is also unique artwork, as the flower motif on the page is not replicated anywhere else in the standard edition of the book.

Signature Page – Angelo’s signature in pencil appears at the bottom.

Examples of the Illustrations by Angelo (right click and open in new tab for full size):

Personal Notes – As I mentioned, I had a copy of what I assume is the deluxe edition in my grasp, but I returned it to the shelf and picked up Zadig on that trip (a lovely book in its own right, and one of my favorite LECs to this day!). Sadly, once I had realized what I had and went back to Monterey to the same shop to try again, it was sold. My loss! I did buy the standard edition from my local shop The Bookstore since it was from 1935 and illuminated by Angelo, but I still am a little bummed I missed out on the deluxe to join my Manon. At least it goes well with my copy of Salome! The Sandglass is not unique to this edition, so it may not be 100% accurate. I got it in a different book altogether, an occasional curio that has happened more than once.

Huge thanks to K. Ronnevik for the pictures of the special edition!

Sandglass

Of Interest: The Original Heritage Press Announcement from 1935

Recently a Devotee was nice enough to offer to mail me a pamphlet containing the announcement of the creation of the Heritage Press, which I am presenting to you below in full. It’s really neat to have this fascinating piece of George Macy ephemera, and I hope you enjoy learning more about the initial six books and the formation of the Press!

Thank you Richard!

4/14/2019 Update – I have learned that this was scanned and put into pdf form for the Devotees before it was mailed to me, so I will update my somewhat blurry pictures into these scans in the near future.

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Heritage Press – The Story of Manon Lescaut by the Abbé Prévost (1935)

The Story of Manon Lescaut by the Abbé Prévost D’Exiles (1935)
Sandglass Number 3K (not the original printing’s)
Artwork: Illustrated by Pierre Brissaud
Translated by Helen Waddell, with a note by the author
Heritage Press Exclusive
Special Limited Edition, with a special exclusive print on the title page signed by Brissaud. Only 1500 of these exist.

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Front Binding – The Heritage Press began in 1935 with a fine set of six books exclusive at the time to that imprint (with some remaining so), but George Macy decided to celebrate his second major printing business by creating 1,500 limited edition copies of those six, and gave the LEC membership first crack at them. I’ve gone into more detail about these on The Pickwick Papers (due to Dickens’ David Copperfield being in that initial salvo), but I’ll summarize — Manon Lescaut is one of those, with the aforementioned Dickens, plus Romeo and Juliet, The Scarlet Letter, A Shropshire Lad and The Song of Songs. For these limited versions, the bindings are distinctly different from the standard printing and feature a signature of the artist somewhere within, usually with an exclusive print. This copy of Manon Lescaut is one of those 1,500 copies.

Glacierman at the George Macy Devotees Librarything forum acquired both the limited version of the book alongside the standard reprints that followed, and gave me permission to post their findings here:

REFERENCES CITED

Buss1. Bussaco, Michael C. Heritage Press Annotative Bibliography Volume Three Authors L-R. Second edition. (Archibald, PA: Tribute Books, 2008).
Buss2. ———–. Heritage Press Catalog & Checklist. Second edition. (Eynon, PA: Tribute Books, 2008).
Ransom. Ransom, Will. NY: Philip C. Duschnes, 1963.

COMMENTS

Ransom (p. 91, no. 6) notes that 3000 copies in leather of the first edition of Manon were printed. Ransom notes, as does Wildcat (link above), the first 6 books all had 1500 copies issued with an extra illustration signed by the artist . What is not made clear is whether the 3000 total included the 1500 specials or if the specials were in addition to them.

Regarding the illustrations, Wildcat notes the signed frontispiece in his copy of the special issue is “far sharper and more colorful” than the others. That may be due to its having been separately printed by a different process than those in the text, as it appears to have been tipped in prior to binding. NOTE: The entries in Buss1 indicate 11 illustrations for the special issue and 10 for the regular. Well, my copy of the regular has eight (8) illustrations and my special has nine (9).

According to Buss1, there were two issues of the special version (p. 155, #BHP-D 107-J & p. 156, BHP-FS-6-A). I assume the first, with the dual imprint of the HC and the Nonesuch Press (as in Wildcat’s copy) refers to those copies which were issued to LEC members, as they were not issued with a Sandglass (Buss1, p. 155). My copy is of the second version (Buss1, p. 156) which was issued to HC members with a Sandglass (First Series 6-A) per Buss1. The title page on this issue has no mention of the Nonesuch Press. It reads: New York/THE HERITAGE PRESS/1935.

Binding. Both the regular and the special issues are bound in 1/4 leather over marbled paper on the boards. The special issue appears to be brown calf or a similar smooth skin, whereas the regular issue is bound in brown pigskin and not, as some folks have stated, “faux leather.” The blue marbled paper of the special issue appears to be hand-marbled whereas the brown marbling on the regular issues is a printed design. I should also note that the spine of the special issue has several panels blind-stamped into it in addition to the title panel whereas the regular issue has only the title panel.

In Buss2 (p 11), the binding of the regular edition (BHP-FS-6) is described as “French marbled paper over 1/2 pigskin binding,” but as noted above, it is 1/4 leather. If it were 1/2 leather, either the corners would be leather covered or the spine leather would extend out to half way across the board. Either way, 1/2 the width of the cover board in total would have leather on it. The same error is repeated for the special issue lower down the page.

This title was re-issued several times subsequently.

Django6924 built on this, adding:

I have both issues of Manon. The later edition with the pigskin leather quarter binding has Sandglass 3K, which indicates an issue in August, 1946, and states that the sides are covered with a “French marbled paper.” I tend to think it is marbled paper and not a printed design. As Glacierman posts, the Sandglass affirms “genuine pigskin.” Alas, the pigskin has not held up well at all, compared to the leather on the first, special, edition: the pigskin is cracked and detached from the text block in several places, and as I was reading it during my convalescence…one piece at the top fell off. In addition, the paper, “a sparkling white paper made for this book by the Collins manufacturing Company…of rag content…of a better quality than any paper we got in the war years,” did not remain sparking white, but has turned beige. The paper in the first edition is still “sparkling white” but since I don’t have a Sandglass, I don’t know who made that paper. The illustrations in the later edition are poorly reproduced compared to the ones in the first HP edition; the Sandglass makes no reference to who did the reproductions of Brissaud’s watercolors in the later edition, but they are very muddy compared to the bright colors in the first HP.

I confess that I had never read Manon before (having been very familiar with the story through the 2 operas) until the last few weeks, when I was recuperating from knee replacement surgery. I decided to do so after watching a video of the Peter Wimsey story “Clouds of Witness,” in which copies of Manon provide a valuable clue. I fear that the story itself is one that has the greatest appeal for men who are in the throes of, or have only recently experienced, what the French call l’amour fou, or, as in the title of one of my favorite old films, “Mad Love.” I found myself getting so impatient with Des Grieux, that twice I had to put the book down for a day or so before I could continue, with the result that it took me a week to finish what I should have been able to read in a day.

Incidentally, for all completists, the HP includes in an appendix the episode of the Italian prince, which was a later addition by Prévost. It doesn’t really add anything essential, and simply piles on another case of the fatal lure Manon has for men–of which cases there are already more than enough in the story.

The Sandglass I got with it is, unfortunately, not the proper one for the limited edition (which may not have come with a Sandglass at all, per the above commentary), but it states that T.M. Cleland was responsible for the design. Cleland illustrated for Macy on top of designing lovely books (see Monsieur Beauclare) but in this case French watercolorist Pierre Brissaud was recruited for the task. As for other design notes, Cleland went with A. Colish’s Fournier type, which the printers at The Nonesuch Press set at 14-point. The later Sandglass makes no mention of who printed those editions. The Nonesuch Press was tightly knit with the George Macy Company for a considerable time — Macy briefly owned the press from the late 1930’s to the 1950’s, and was good friends with Sir Francis Meynell, its founder. Nonesuch collaborated with Macy on a set of Dickens for the Heritage Press and a series of some French romances, among other things. Meynell also provided an introduction to George Meredith’s The Shaving of Shagpat, which is fitting since he was the author’s godson. His mother was well-known suffragist and poet Alice Meynell. Finally, in terms of the paper, the standard print used Collins Manufacturing Company paper as noted above, but I’m not sure who provided it for the limited set.

Brissaud began his Macy contributions here, and he would have been the original Cyrano de Bergerac (1936) artist if it weren’t for the chaos leading into World War II that sent Brissaud into hiding during the German occupation. Luckily, Brissaud survived and resumed his output for the Macy houses in 1950, which the Cyrano link above goes into more detail.

Spine

I did get a slipcase for this, but it’s not all that amazing and it’s a bit fragile, so I refrained from photographing it.

Title Page – For Manon Lescaut, Brissaud’s signature is on the title page with an exclusive print that is, to my knowledge, not in the reprints. I looked at a variety of standard printings while browsing and did not see this reprinted at all. Later illustrations were bumped up into its place, and one even had the left side blank. I’m not 100% sure of the publishing era of any of those, but I’ll try to check next time I’m at the same shop. This print is distinctly different from the rest of Brissaud’s watercolors gracing the book — it’s far sharper and more colorful. The effective shading is just wonderful. I suspect that this is a tipped in print of a much higher quality exclusive to this edition.

Page 6 – I originally wrote here I needed to collect all of Brissaud’s work; I think I’m nearly there now! I like the dogs in this piece — it adds a lot to the overall liveliness of the painting.

Page 20

Personal Notes – As I was perusing my favorite shop, I noticed this book and thought that it was something unique. I had no idea how unique it was until I began comparing it to other editions (of which there were ample supply), and Brissaud’s signature just didn’t seem real to be in a Heritage book (I had not done the research on the first six prior to this discovery!) in such a prominent place…but yet there it was, and it was $15! The boards were luscious compared to the others, and that title page art was so bold…I knew I had something special. I checked on it in the hotel room and was delighted to see my instinct was right — I did pick up a special printing of an exquisite book.

Sandglass (later printing):

Special thanks to Glacierman and Django6924 for additional insights.

Updated 9/30/2018 – JF